How can I calcuate the difference in hours minutes and seconds (and possibly days) between the two dates in Oracle SQL? Thanks. oracle date-arithmetic. share | improve this question | follow | edited Aug 17 '11 at 14:30. APC. 133k 18 18 gold badges 143 143 silver badges 256 256 bronze badges. asked Jul 8 '09 at 8:39. Steve Steve . 969 2 2 gold badges 9 9 silver badges 13 13 bronze badges. Near. I need the Oracle equivalent to the SQL Server DATEDIFF function to compute the difference between two dates. Answer: Oracle supports date arithmetic and you can make expressions like date1 - date2 using date subtraction to get the difference between the two dates. Once you have the date difference, you can use simple techniques to express the difference in days, hours, minutes or seconds. I offered one such choice, which has a couple of desirable features: (1) it is clearly defined in all cases, and (2) given any start dates s_1 and s_2 and end dates e_1 and e_2, with s_1 <= s_2 <= e_2 <= e_1, the difference between s_2 and e_2 is always <= than the difference between s_1 and e_1. I hope we can agree that any definition of difference between two dates should have at least.
The difference between two dates (in oracle's usual database product) is in days (which can have fractional parts). Factor by 24 to get hours, 24*60 to get minutes, 24*60*60 to get seconds (that's as small as dates go). The math is 100% accurate for dates within a couple of hundred years or so. E.g. to get the date one second before midnight of today, you could sa Otherwise Oracle Database calculates the fractional portion of the result based on a 31-day month and considers the difference in time components date1 and date2. Examples. The following example calculates the months between two dates: SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN (TO_DATE('02-02-1995','MM-DD-YYYY'), TO_DATE('01-01-1995','MM-DD-YYYY') ) Months FROM DUAL; Months ----- 1.03225806. This Oracle BETWEEN condition example would return all records from the order_details table where the order_date is between Feb 1, 2014 and Feb 28, 2014 (inclusive). It would be equivalent to the following SELECT statement
Calculating the difference (duration) between two dates and times is an age-old problem but has a simple solution that's nearly as old as the original problem. If you can tolerate the 3.3ms. MONTHS_BETWEEN function returns the number of months between 2 dates. Quick Example: Get the number of months between February 10, 2012 and January 01, 2012: SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN (DATE '2012-02-10', DATE '2012-01-01') FROM dual; -- Result: 1.29032258 . Home. Services. Support. Purchase. Download. Partners. About. Contact Us. Migration to MariaDB. Oracle to MariaDB SQL Server to MariaDB IBM. In oracle, the difference (in days and/or fractions thereof) between two DATEs can be found using subtraction: SELECT DATE '2016-03-23' - DATE '2015-12-25' AS difference FROM DUAL; Outputs the number of days between the two dates: DIFFERENCE ----- 89 And Take the Challenge! Each PL/SQL 101 article offers a quiz to test your knowledge of the information provided in the article. The quiz questions are shown below and also at PL/SQL Challenge (plsqlchallenge.com), a Website that offers online quizzes for the PL/SQL language.You can read and take the quiz here in Oracle Magazine and then check your answers in the next issue
TO_CHAR(CREATED,'DD-MON-YYYYHH24:MI:SS') Dy Hr Mi Sec TO_CHAR(SYSDATE,'DD-MON-YYYYHH24:MI:SS') Tdy Thr Tmi Tsec; 16-feb-2018 05:00:18: 79: 12: 42: 9: 06-may-2018 17:42:2 I want to get difference between two dates say (10-FEB-2000 - 02-JAN-1999) and the result has to be displayed in following format 1 year, 1 month, 8 day
This section describes the functions that can be used to manipulate temporal values. See Section 11.2, Date and Time Data Types, for a description of the range of values each date and time type has and the valid formats in which values may be specified Could you please help me in understanding how we can find the difference between 2 date time stamp columns of a table to be returned in Hours , minutes & seconds ? Ex: I do have a table A with three columns in it with C1 as the primary key and c2 being -intime & c3 - out time C1 Process1 C2 / Intime 10/7/2013 7:32:50 PM C3 / Outtim
The Duration Calculator calculates the number of days, months and years between two dates Arguments. The Oracle MONTHS_BETWEEN() function requires two arguments, each of which can be a DATE or expression evaluates to a DATE:. 1) minuend_date The minuend_date is a date which is subtracted from.. 2) subtrahend_date The subtrahend is also a date which is to be subtracted.. Return value. The MONTHS_BETWEEN() function returns the number of months between two dates which is
Oracle 12c, Oracle 11g, Oracle 10g, Oracle 9i. Pictorial Presentation. Example: Oracle MONTHS_BETWEEN function . The following statement calculates the months between two specified dates: SQL> SELECT MONTHS_BETWEEN 2 (TO_DATE('02-02-2015','MM-DD-YYYY'), 3 TO_DATE('12-01-2014','MM-DD-YYYY') ) Months 4 FROM DUAL;. Sample Output Related Articles. Using the TIME data type in SQL Server 2008 (6 March 2008). Using the DATE data type in SQL Server 2008 (6 December 2007). DATEDIFF Function Demystified (20 March 2007). The Cost of GUIDs as Primary Keys (8 January 2005). Search and Replace in a TEXT column (18 January 2004). INF: Frequently Asked Questions - SQL Server 2000 - Table Variables (7 December 2003 In the second article of the series, Decoding Direct Query, we will explore how to determine the date difference across two tables. The direct query does not support the new column, therefore, taking the difference between the dates of the same table also required a similar approach. Setup: Last time, we used SQL Server Express Edition, but this time we decided to experiment with Oracle.
. For example, only seconds, or only minutes or only hours. So calculating the difference between a start date and end date is not straightforward with SQL Server. This post shows you how to do so with a simple example query, explained step by step Perhaps I'm overthinking this Oracle SQL query, but I'm attempting to display the number of days elapsed between two column data-sets attributed as order-date and ship-date, which will be displayed within a new alias column, Number of Days elapsed- so far, I've constructed the following query: SELECT order_id, (shipped_date - order_date) AS Number of Days elapsed FROM orders; Evidently. To find the differences between each subsequent changes, you need to compare two successive rows. We assume that there is no gap in the id column and the list price with the earlier valid from date is inserted before the list price with later valid from date, the following query compares prices between each change of the product id 100 The following Oracle DBA oracle sql query will return the datediff oracle in minutes by multiply the result with 60 minutes. 1 2 SELECT ((SYSDATE+1) - SYSDATE) * 24 * 60 AS Minute MONTHS_BETWEEN returns the number of full months between dates and a fractional part. An integer value is returned only if: Both dates specify the same day of the month (February 13 and March 13 i.e.) Both dates are the last days of the months (January 31 and April 30 i.e.
DATEDIFF with examples DATEDIFF function accepts 3 parameters, first is datepart (can be an year, quarter, month, day, hour etc.) and rest are two dates which you want to compare. Few examples of DATEDIFF: DATEDIFF - Example 1 Here, in this example, datepart is day: SELECT DATEDIFF(day,'2016-06-05','2016-08-05') AS DiffDate Result: DiffDate 6 The second solution to calculate the difference between two dates in one query These SQL queries computes the time difference using first the seconds (multiplied by one hour in seconds is 60 * 60 = 3600. Then using the milliseconds (multiplied by one hour in milliseconds as 60 * 60 * 1000 = 3600 * 1000) Syntax @DATEDIFF (' difference ', ' date ', ' date ') difference. The difference between the specified dates. Valid values can be: DD, which computes the difference in days.. SS, which computes the difference in seconds.. date. A string within single quote marks, in the format of 'YYYY-MM-DD[*HH:MI[:SS]]', where * can be a colon (:) or a blank space, or the @DATENOW function without quotes to. MONTHS_BETWEEN (date1, date2): Using this method in PL/SQL you can calculate the number of months between two entered dates date1 and date2. if date1 is later than date2 then the result would be positive and if date1 is earlier than date2 then result is negative
The SQL BETWEEN Operator. The BETWEEN operator selects values within a given range. The values can be numbers, text, or dates. The BETWEEN operator is inclusive: begin and end values are included. BETWEEN Synta SQL Time difference between two dates. Farshad Javadi Active Member. Messages: 20 Likes Received: 0 Trophy Points: 80. Good morning, I have two fields which are date fields and have the following format: 03-MAR-09 10.36.36.791000000 AM How can I write an SQL statement to show that thier difference should be less than or equal to 48 hours like: Afield - Bfield <= 48 hours Thanks Respecfully. What you could do is return the difference as two intervals. One year to month and one day to second. Calculate the year to month interval as the floor of the months between the dates using months_between. Then find the days by adding this number of months to the start date, then subtracting this calculated date from the end date Question: How do I write a SQL to display the number of years between two Oracle dates? Answer: You can use the months_between function and convert it easily yo years between and decades between two dates: months_between/12 = years between. months_between/120 = decades_between. There are MANY way to compute the number of years between two dates in Oracle SQL
You can use a simple expression in your SQL statement that will return the number of week days between two date fields. The general strategy is to construct an expression that does the following: Take the raw difference in days; Subtract 2 days for every full 7 days that has passed; If the second date falls on an earlier day of the week than the first date, add another two days for the most. Oracle supports date arithmetic and you can make expressions like date1 - date2 to get the difference between the two dates. Once you have the date difference, you can use simple techniques to express the difference in days, hours, minutes or seconds. Also note SQL to convert a day of the week to a number SQL Oracle Oracle for Absolute Beginners: Date, Timestamp and Interval; David Njoku . 02 February 2017. 146593 views. 37 Oracle for Absolute Beginners: Date, Timestamp and Interval. All databases stand on a tripod of datatypes: strings, numbers and dates. And though they might dress them in fancy clothing - varchar2, clob, float, integer - strings are really just strings, and numbers are. How to convert Dates in Oracle using TO_DATE, TO_CHAR functions with examples. Date formats available in Oracle. Oracle DBA Learn Oracle 11g / 12c Database Admin step by step Oracle SQL Tutorial for Oracle SQL Oracle DBA Interview Questions Most asked Oracle DBA Interview Questions. 60 Technical Questions 42 Backup & Recovery Questions Unix For Oracle DBA 20 Questions Download Oracle 11g / 12. The SQL BETWEEN condition allows you to easily test if an expression is within a range of values (inclusive). The values can be text, date, or numbers. It can be used in a SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statement. The SQL BETWEEN Condition will return the records where expression is within the range of value1 and value2
How to Calculate Duration Between Two Dates in T-SQL. A simple way to calculate the duration of a running program with a start and end time. The information should be presented in an hour:minutes:seconds format with leading zeroes (i.e., 00:00:00). Two local variables are used to demonstrate the query. Typically, this is more useful if done as a stored procedure. DECLARE @StartTime DATETIME. Vadim also shows a great example of using the hidden parameter _convert_set_to_join to improve SQL execution speed for queries that find the semantic difference between two tables, and he shows how to compare the rows and columns of two tables with Oracle SQL syntax. - Compare two tables with SQL - Using dbms_comparison to compare two tables. Oracle SQL Server IBM DB2 MySQL PostgreSQL Sybase Sybase ASA Informix Teradata. SQL Server - DATEDIFF - Datetime Difference in Seconds, Days, Weeks etc . SQL Server DATEDIFF function returns the difference in seconds, minutes, hours, days, weeks, months, quarters and years between 2 datetime values. Quick Example: -- The difference is days between today and yesterday SELECT DATEDIFF (dd.
There are more details on how to get the month part of any date field here. Between two date ranges Now let us move to select a range of records between two dates. Here is the SQL for this SELECT * FROM `dt_tb` WHERE dt BETWEEN '2005-01-01' AND '2005-12-31' Date Format to use in query You have seen we have used 'Y-m-d' date format in our query. . Download the latest version of DV to.. BETWEEN Conditions . A BETWEEN condition determines whether the value of one expression is in an interval defined by two other expressions. between_condition::= Description of the illustration between_condition.gif. All three expressions must be numeric, character, or datetime expressions. In SQL, it is possible that expr1 will be evaluated.
.sql.Date, java.sql.Time, java.sql.Timestamp. The internal data for this object is stored as a seven byte array in the super class' storage area. The bytes are arranged as follows: Byte Represents 0 Century (19 for 1990) 1 Decade (90 for 1990) 2 Month 3 Day 4 Hour 5 Minute 6 Seconds Static. I have not worked a lot on SQL, but have on MSAccess. In MSAccess it is simple to use a datetime field and use the BETWEEN criteria to get the records that fall between the two dates specified in the BETWEEN clause. However in SQL, it is not letting me select between the two dates. I have used various formats, but none are working. This is what. In Oracle, you can set your dateformat for the session. What Lowell posted with TO_DATE is correct. However, I'd suggest opening SQL*Plus and writing your query there to get it working. Once you. Oracle Interview Question SQL Date Comparison - How to filter Datetime in SQL Server - SQL Training Online - Duration: 8:41. Joey Blue 47,887 views. 8:41. SQL Server interview question. Teradata Database SQL Functions, Operators, Expressions, and Predicates prodname Teradata Database vrm_release 15.10 created_date March 2017 category Programming Reference featnum B035-1145-151K . The following query calculates the difference in days between the two DATE values. SELECT (DATE '2007-05-10' - DATE '2007-04-28') DAY; The result is the following: (2007-05-10 - 2007-04-28) DAY.
Find two numbers such that difference of their squares equal to N; Find a Mother vertex in a Graph using Bit Masking; Tips for testing code in Compeititive programming ; Dockerizing a simple Django app; Find a number such that maximum in array is minimum possible after XOR; SQL | Date functions 20-01-2017. In SQL, dates are complicated for newbies, since while working with database, the format. The units in which DATEDIFF reports the difference between the startdate This example calculates the number of day boundaries crossed between dates in two columns in a table. CREATE TABLE dbo.Duration (startDate datetime2, endDate datetime2); INSERT INTO dbo.Duration(startDate, endDate) VALUES ('2007-05-06 12:10:09', '2007-05-07 12:10:09'); SELECT DATEDIFF(day, startDate, endDate) AS. For example, the built-in MONTHS_BETWEEN SQL function returns the number of months between two dates. The fractional portion of the result represents that portion of a 31-day month. Oracle Database performs all timestamp arithmetic in UTC time Where (Extract Minute from b.Recd-a.Sent) DIFF returns the date difference in MINUTES Permalink Posted 4-Feb-13 17:29p
SQL to compare rows within two tables. Oracle Database Tips by Donald Burleson: Oracle Corporation's developer Vadim Tropashko has some interesting notes on tuning Oracle SQL queries that compare the contents of two tables, showing several SQL solutions and their performance within the Oracle cost-based optimizer. Vadim Tropashko's is the author of SQL Design Patterns: The Expert Guide to SQL. This blog contains information about Oracle Core HR, Oracle Payroll, System Administration, Data Uploading, Functions and Troubleshooting in Oracle E-business Suite. Home How to get working days between two dates in Oracle PL-SQL Home » SQL & PL/SQL » SQL & PL/SQL » Difference between two dates (Oracle 10g, Win XP) Show: Today's Messages:: Polls:: Message Navigator E -mail to friend Difference between two dates [message #330212] Fri, 27 June 2008 23:52: madhuri_madhav Messages: 8 Registered: May 2008 Location: Hyderabad Junior Member. Hi friends, How can I calculate the difference between two particular dates. I. In MS SQL Server, the DATEDIFF function is used to get the difference between two dates in terms of years, months, days, hours, minutes etc. For example: 1. SELECT DATEDIFF (day, '2018-03-13', GETDATE()) AS Difference in days; On that basis, let me explain the three arguments required in the DATEDIFF function syntax. The Day specified the datepart/interval. The interval or datepart argument. Difference: DateDiff('d',[CategoryDate],Date()) The results would now be displayed in a column called Difference. The second DateDiff function will calculate the difference in days between the two dates - 15/10/2003 and 22/11/2003. The results will be displayed in a column called Expr2. Frequently Asked Question
WHERE C.cal_date BETWEEN R.prior_foo_date AND R.current_foo_date; The lag function will look at one one row prior to the current row based on the sorted order. The CTE gives you a pair of dates, and we find everything in between. Those dates by by joining to the calendar table. This code is untested.--CELKO- If you first convert the date back from text back to a date, you can then use date logic, including subtracting one from the other to get the number of days in between. Don stewstew03 via peoplesoft-hr-l wrote on 07/25/2007 03:33:32 PM: > I'm trying to create an expression in Query that will calculate the > difference between two dates. Any. Oracle allows two date values to be subtracted from each other returning a numeric value indicating the number of days between the two dates (may be a fraction). This example will show how to relate it back to a time value. Let's investigate some solutions. Test data: SQL> CREATE TABLE dates (date1 DATE, date2 DATE); Table created. SQL> SQL. Example. Let's look at some Oracle TO_DATE function examples and explore how to use the TO_DATE function in Oracle/PLSQL. For example: TO_DATE('2003/07/09', 'yyyy/mm/dd') Result: date value of July 9, 2003 TO_DATE('070903', 'MMDDYY') Result: date value of July 9, 2003 TO_DATE('20020315', 'yyyymmdd') Result: date value of Mar 15, 2002 You could use the TO_DATE function with the dual table as.
SELECT TO_DATE (date1, 'yyyy/mm/dd') + ((TO_DATE (date2, 'yyyy/mm/dd') - TO_DATE (date1, 'yyyy/mm/dd')) /2) FROM dual; This will calculate the elapsed time between date1 and date2. Then it takes half of the elapsed time and adds it to date1. This should give you the average date In Oracle, you can simply subtract two dates and get the difference in days. Also note that unlike SQL Server or MySQL, in Oracle you cannot perform a select statement without a from clause. One way around this is to use the builtin dummy table, dual: SELECT TO_DATE ('2000-01-02', 'YYYY-MM-DD')-TO_DATE ('2000-01-01', 'YYYY-MM-DD') AS DateDiff. Oracle Scripts » Categories » Oracle SQL tricks » Find the difference between two strings Last update (2008-02-29 21:42:44) Date added (2008-02-29 21:41:11) Summary This allows you to find the difference between two strings by using a single SQL statement Example:string1='spyros123' and :string2='spiros724', it will return 'i 7 4' SELECT LTRIM(RTRIM(TRANSLATE(:string2,:string1,RPAD. 4 Arithmetic with Dates • Add or subtract a number to or from a date for a resultant date value, • Subtract two dates to find the numberof days between those dates. • Add hours to a date by dividing the number of hours by 24. Arithmetic with Dates Since the database stores dates as numbers, you can perform calculations using arithmetic operators such as addition and subtraction
Compare SQL Server Data in Tables Using the EXCEPT Clause. Except shows the difference between two tables (the Oracle guys use minus instead of except and the syntax and use is the same). It is used to compare the differences between two tables. For example, let's see the differences between the two tables: Now let's run a query using except . Created: April 30, 2019; Last Modified: May 4, 2019; In this post, we'll cover how to find the number of days between two dates, using %DATEDIFF. This can be placed in a Query Expression. Some users will use expressions that are specific to the database, such as Oracle DB or MS SQL Server DB. Instead. I have two tables of customers with dates, and I need to exrtract the MAX date for each customer between the two tables: Table 1 Customer Date1 100 02/21/2009 200 04/01/2009 Table 2 Customer Date2 100 06/15/2009 200 01/16/2009 The desired result is: Customer MaxDate 100 06/15/200 Toad Data Point will insert the correct SQL between these two single quotes when I execute the query.) If you use the Query Builder in Toad Data Point it's super-simple. Once you select a column with a date datatype, click on the Where Clause field to open a new window where you pick from a list of available ranges
Oracle's documentation is dead clear on this: [Between] means greater than or equal to low value and less than or equal to high value. They are the same from a semantic point of view. But SQL is a declarative language. In other words, you wouldn't expect same execution plan with two semantically identical statements, would you , Here i am using the CTE (Common tabular expression) , CTE Is very useful for recurssion The SQL queries, which use table of huge data volume, are the only candidate to mark the difference between the two. Now, we shall execute the above queries in Oracle 11g R2 and observe the difference
years - oracle sql duration between two dates . How can I get the number of days between 2 dates in Oracle 11g? (4) I figured it out myself. I need . select extract(day from sysdate - to_date('2009-10-01', 'yyyy-mm-dd')) from dual I'm trying to find an integer number of days between two dates in Oracle 11g. I can get close by doing . select sysdate - to_date('2009-10-01', 'yyyy-mm-dd') from. Oracle SQL Practical question SQL to Find number of saturday and sunday - Duration: 8:46. Difference between two dates in MySQL - Duration: 4:44. webeasystep 5,555 views. 4:44 . Microsoft. In SQL, dates are complicated for newbies, since while working with a database, the format of the date in the table must be matched with the input date in order to insert. In various scenarios instead of date, datetime (time is also involved with date) is used. Some of the date functions have been already discussed in the Set-1. In this post, the remaining date functions have been discussed.
Among many Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), the two most popular and widely used are Oracle and SQL Server. There are many fundamental differences between Oracle and SQL Server one of the most important differences between them is the language they use The result of the DIFFERENCE() indicates the difference between the two SOUNDEX() values on a scale of 0 to 4. A value of 0 means weak or no similarity between SOUNDEX() values; 4 means strongly similar or identical SOUNDEX() values. SQL Server DIFFERENCE() function. Let's take some examples of using the DIFFERENCE() function to see how it works
Dates und Timestamps haben einen maximalen Wertbereich vom 1. Januar 4712 B.C. bis zum 31. Dezember 9999. Das aktuelle Datum (inkl. Uhrzeit) wird in Oracle per SQL klassischerweise wie folgt ermittelt Date Calculators. Duration Between Two Dates - Calculates number of days. Time and Date Duration - Calculate duration, with both date and time included; Date Calculator - Add or subtract days, months, years; Birthday Calculator - Find when you are 1 billion seconds old; Related Links. Date/calendar related services - Overvie Hoe can I merge data from two databases (oracle and SQL) in one gridview in C#. Join two tables in SQL database. How to join two tables with common word in SQL server. How to join two tables from different database using sql query. Joining vertical and horizontal values in two tables. Create an application supporting multiple database like SQL server, ORACLE etc . How to take backup of. DATEDIFF (Transact-SQL) 07/18/2019; 8 minutes to read +13; In this article. Applies to: SQL Server (all supported versions) Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics Parallel Data Warehouse This function returns the count (as a signed integer value) of the specified datepart boundaries crossed between the specified startdate and enddate Two terms take part in a condition on account of their relation, which is nothing but the operator they use for comparison. Equal to, Less than, Greater than, AND, OR and many others are the relationship attribtes between two terms of a condition. Here, we shall discuss on more operators like BETWEEN, IN ad LIKE. 2. The BETWEEN Operator BETWEEN operator is very similar to the Inequality.
Till date, 30 versions of MS SQL, has been released. KEY DIFFERENCE. Oracle runs on a wide variety of platforms while the SQL server can install on the Windows server only. Oracle supports star query optimization while SQL server doesn't offer query optimization. In oracle, values do not change before commit whereas in SQL Server values are changed even before commit. Oracle allows rollback. Find answers to Oracle SQL, Get the difference between two dates as a Number from the expert community at Experts Exchang oracle - number - years between two dates in sql . Oracle date difference to get number of years (3) Is there a way to calculate the number of years between dates. Not sure how to do this while accounting for leap and what not. Is it possible to do an IF statement maybe in the SELECT? Thanks. I had to implement a year diff function which works similarly to sybase datediff. In that case the.
In price lies the most notable difference between the two databases. Oracle has something called Oracle Express Edition, and this edition is completely free of cost. Unfortunately, the edition has too much limitation with the features. It will cost you tens of thousands of dollars, if you go on to buy full featured standard edition or Enterprise edition. MySQL on the other hand is an open. PL/SQL V2.2, available with Oracle7.2, implements a binary wrapper for PL/SQL programs to protect the source code.This is done via a standalone utility that transforms the PL/SQL source code into portable binary object code (somewhat larger than the original).This way you can distribute software without having to worry about exposing your proprietary algorithms and methods.SQL*Plus and SQL*DBA.
you're using sysdate where you should be using meeting_date here's a reorganized version that uses the same calculations but hopefully a little easier to read select id, birth,meeting_date, year,month, meeting_date - add_months(birth,12*year+m onth) day from (SELECT id, birth, meeting_date, TRUNC(MONTHS_BETWEEN(meeti ng_date, birth) / 12) year Oracle Sql Compare Two Columns In Same Table masuzi March 5, 2019 Uncategorized No Comments Sql server tables schema and data oracle sql script to compare columns differences for sql server tables and data sql to compare rows within two table Calculate the months between two dates: 21.6.17. Use the date value back and forth: 21.6.18. Remember That Dates Are Numbers: 21.6.19. Check the last date that a date type variable can hold: 21.6.20. Use the new EXTRACT function to grab individual year and month components. 21.6.21. ROUND function being applied to datetime values: 21.6.22